"Desegregation in Public Schools.... Then and Now."
This presentation, "Desegregation in Public Schools, Then and Now" was our final exam. We worked as a group to gather pertinent information relevant to the current issues of desegregation in public schools. Together we compiled a visual aid, an animoto video and PowerPoint presentation. We choose to focus on what we considered important factors affecting the issue of desegregation, they are: the Constitutions stance on segregation, the states justification of segregation, quotas and busing, and resegregation. The animoto video was used as an intro to our presentation and the PowerPoint presentation to accompany our verbal presentation. The visual ais was displayed in the classroom for the audience to view at their leisure. This was presentation was presented on May 31, 2011.
For my portion of the verbal presentation, I discussed Quotas and Busing. The courts were trying to desegregate by any means that were in reason due to the fact that many states and school districts were finding ways around the federally mandated laws forcing desegregation. In the 1971 Swann vs. Charlotte-Mecklenberg Board of Education ruling, the Supreme Court decided to use busing to end school segregation and ‘dual schooling’ systems. Through this ruling, schools had an imposed racial balance of 71% (white) to 29% (black). This included teachers and staff. In essence, students from the inner city were bused to schools outside their attendance area to help integrate schools and end dual school systems. There were several downfalls associated with this change. Students could be bused up to 35 minutes away from their neighborhood. This potentially cut down on parent participation in their child’s schooling because inner city parents were less likely to have transportation. As a result of being bused outside their neighborhood, students were subjected to dangerous situations such as riots, having things thrown at them, racial slurs yelled at them, or followed home and threaten. It also decreased the probability that students wouldn’t have the opportunity to participate in extra-curricular activities. There was one bus to school and one bus home. The movement of ‘White Flight” began. This describes the movement of ‘whites’ from their neighborhood to another because of other races moving in. As of today, most laws of quotas and busing have been eliminated and students are no longer assigned based on race and they are no longer denied access to schools based on mandated ‘quotas.’